2017 m. balandžio 11-12 d. Vilniaus universiteto Filosofijos fakultete ir Orientalistikos centre svečiuosis antropologas Prof. Bumochir Dulam iš Nacionalinio Mongolijos universiteto (Ulanbatoras). Vizito metu mokslininkas skaitys paskaitas, kurių metu supažindins su politinės ir ekonominės antropologijos tyrimais Mongolijoje bei Kinijoje.
Qinghai is a multi-ethnic province in the north west of China, which is a home for Tibetans, Mongols, Tu (Chagaan Monguors) and Bo’an Mongolic groups, Hui and Salar Muslims, and the Han. While scholarly discussions on China’s ethnic conflict often address the relationship of Han and the others, this lecture attempts to diversify it, by focusing at the relationship of non-Han nationalities. For example, unlike in Inner Mongolia, ethnic conflict in Qinghai does not only appear between Mongols and Han. Instead because of its multi-ethnic background, ethnic conflicts and politics is more diverse and therefore different than it is in Inner Mongolia. In this way, this lecture attempts to diversify Mongols’ ethnic politics in China, by looking at the relationship of Mongols and Tibetans; Mongols and Tu, Mongols and Muslims; and finally, Mongols and Han. It further argues that the minority conflict amongst minority groups in Qinghai shapes the relationship of majority Han and minority Mongols. Moreover, ethnic conflict and severe acculturation, make Mongols to preserve their culture and respect Mongolness. Extending the discussion of respect, this lecture also demonstrates how a sincere feeling of respect produces political power. Power of respect enables the lecture to critically approach dominant and conventional theories of political power.
In the last two decades, resource curse theory became the most common analytical instrument to explain and understand why many of the resource abundant states across the world fail to make economic prosperity. One of those unfortunate states recently made a mining boom and a bust soon after was Mongolia. For those who believe in the resource curse theory, this failure approved Mongolia to be a cursed nation. This lecture attempts to seek alternative interpretations to why Mongolia failed to improve its economy using its resource extraction. In order to understand what caused downturn in Mongolia’s resource economy, this lecture demonstrates a tripartite relationship of local environmental movements, mining companies, and the nation state rulers in contemporary Mongolia. Those three are key stakeholders with pivotal impacts in the nations resource economy. Environmental activists and mining companies demand nation state rulers just the opposite. For instance, one demands permission to operate mining works while local activists demand to stop mining. This lecture develops an argument that in such situations nation state rulers often fall into dilemmas between contesting priorities such as to protect environment or economy. For Mongolia decisions to protect environment has in depth cultural and historic reasoning and such decisions were powerful enough to cause difficulties in the nation’s economy by stopping or slowing down mining operations.
Paskaitos vyks anglų kalba. Paskaitose kviečiami dalyvauti visi (ne tik studentai), besidomintys Mongolija, antropologija bei paskaitų tematika!
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